Bipolar is a mood disorder characterized by alternating emotional episodes, which can include the following:
The Schizophrenia Bulletin journal in 2007 cited several studies that noted a “particularly high” association between bipolar disorder and addiction, while a 2006 Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment article found that mood disorders are present in 40% to 42% of co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. While many people abuse drugs to suppress symptoms of manic-depression, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders notes that drug use and dependence can also induce bipolar symptoms.
According to the health website Medscape, substance-induced mood disorders (SIMDs) involve the onset of symptoms during drug use or withdrawal, and several types of medication can contribute to bipolar, including the following:
Specific drugs that may contribute to mood disorders or related symptoms include steroids, opiates, cocaine, amphetamines, anticonvulsants, appetite suppressants, antihypertensives, MDMA, antipsychotics, and sedatives. While the onset of symptoms may be a side effect of a particular drug, substance abuse can also exploit mental health vulnerabilities in several ways, including the following:
Medications can also trigger episodes in people who already have the disorder. In 2003, the Bipolar Disorder journal estimated that one-quarter to one-third of bipolar patients are susceptible to antidepressant-induced manias.
Untreated bipolar disorder can affect people in many possible ways, including the following:
Drug use may have induced the mood disorder, but as the symptoms grow worse, substance abuse and addiction become more common. Integrated addiction and mental health treatment can help.
Rehabilitation centers provide screenings for co-occurring mental disorders, and they integrate necessary care into a comprehensive treatment program. Medically supervised detoxification is followed by a number of potential therapies, including the following:
If the bipolar disorder is substance induced, some symptoms should dissipate after the primary withdrawal period. Despite removing the drug agent, however, other symptoms may persist while the body reverses the neurological changes the substance use caused. There is no set timeframe for all bipolar symptoms to end, and many individuals will become permanently more susceptible to relapse.
If addiction, bipolar or other mood disorders are affecting you or a loved one, please call our toll-free helpline. Our admissions coordinators are available 24 hours a day to answer your questions, explain treatment options and even check health insurance policies for rehabilitation coverage. Untreated conditions will only worsen so please call now.